External Trauma 

Eye injuries can occur at any time.  Our office is equiped to handle most eye injuries.  The primary instrument we use is a biomicroscope, sometimes referred to as a slit lamp.  The biomicroscope has a high magnification and is particularly designed to aid Dr. Valella in evaluating the extent of an eye injury.  Whether it is a laceration, foreign particle embedded or a burn, the biomicroscope is the primary tool to carefully examination the injury.   

                                                           

Embedded Foreign Bodies

A common injury is a hot iron metalic foreign body embedded in the cornea.  Grinding or drilling in iron or other metals will release particles that are hot and when they hit the eye they embed themselves in the cornea.  If it is iron, as in this example, it will immediatley begin to rust due to the salty consistency of our tears.  When the metal particle is removed, remaining is a rust deposit that has infiltrated the surrounding cornea.  We have experience at removing these rust spots.  With proper medical treatment these injuries resolve well.   If the foreign particle was embedded in the central visual axis of the cornea, it could effect the patients ultimate visual acuity.  Safety glasses are always recommended to prevent these type of injuries. 

 


Internal Trauma

The primary instrument we use in a retinal exam is a binocular indirect ophthalmoscope.  This ophthalmoscope has prism and high magnification lenses designed to aid Dr. Valella in evaluating the extent of any internal eye injury.  Contusions, otherwise referred to as a "black eye" can result in more than just the obvious bruises on the face.  A dilated eye exam is an important part of examining trauma in or around the eye.  

 

Retinal Hemorrhages

A compression type of injury can knock the retina loose and cause bleeding underneath.  This example shows a retinal hemorrhage which can cause blindness to the effected eye.  Immediate examination and subsequent treatment is needed in these type of injuries.